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O Ritmo Do Desmatamento Da Amazonia Legal

By November 24, 2022Uncategorized

The survey also includes a warning: for the second year in a row, 20% of all deforestation in the Amazon took place in nature reserves: forests, national parks, biological reserves created by the government to prevent the advance of deforestation. But according to Imazon, there are many people who invade these protected areas, in view of political movements in Brasilia that try to legalize the lands that have been occupied in these areas. From August 2011 to July 2012, deforestation continued to decrease (1,047 km²), but between August 2012 and July 2013, it increased again, increasing by 92%, reaching 2,007 km², according to Imazon (Institute for Man and Environment of the Amazon). This was the first time since 2004 that there was an increase in “shallow cutting” (clearing the forest with the use of ship chains wedged between 2 tractors uprooting the tree). In 2012, the so-called “arc of deforestation” (the region of the legal Amazon that loses the most forest land), reached the southern Amazon and northwestern Pará, the state that dominated the ranking of deforestation of the year with 810 km² (40% of the total), followed by Mato Grosso with 621 km² (31%), the Amazon (14%) and Rondônia (13%). The most troubling data was the speed at which deforestation took place in the Amazon, a state outside the Arc. There, deforestation has more than tripled compared to the previous period with 273 km² of deforested area (up 223%). In Mato Grosso, the area deforested doubled (102%) and in Pará it almost doubled (91%). Only two states recorded a decline: Acre (-32%) and Roraima (-18%). [9] Deforestation in the Amazon is also not beneficial for the rest of the country.

Between 2007 and 2016, the average size of 7,410 km² per year in the region led to a 0.013% increase in national GDP, according to a 2017 study cited by Professor Ricardo Abramovay of USP`s School of Economics and Administration in a study on the economic impact of the activity. The graph below compares deforestation (referred to as “land and forest use change” in the image) with other Brazilian activities. Even agriculture and the energy sector are not as polluting as Desmate. Most of Brazil`s deforestation takes place in the Amazon, the country`s largest forest. La Rovere told Nexo that the policy that worked needs to be picked up. “To stop deforestation, we need a shock from the presence of the state to enforce the law and prevent invasions of public lands,” he said. He also cited the restoration of degraded land and economic measures, such as restricting loans to farmers, which are against the law. The cattle herd has increased in the Amazon due to the increase in pastures caused by deforestation.

This has led to growing environmental concerns. In most years, deforestation has increased or decreased as livestock prices have risen and fallen compared to the previous year. Another factor influencing deforestation is the price of soybeans, as deforested fields are also used for soybean cultivation. [28] In the first quarter of 2022, deforestation increased from 941.34 square kilometers, the highest rate of deforestation in the legal Amazon since 2016 and the highest cumulative number of incidents in INPE`s alert system. Several environmental groups have proposed solutions to reduce or mitigate the problem of deforestation in the Amazon, often supported by business organizations, NGOs and governments in several countries. Here are some of the most important initiatives: The success of these measures has made Brazil a benchmark in the fight against deforestation. Reducing rates of forest loss attracted the attention of other governments, which began supporting Brazil with funds such as the Amazon Fund, created in 2008 to attract donations from countries that wanted to support forest conservation projects. The annual rate of deforestation in the Amazon increased between 1990 and 2003 due to local, national and international factors. [5] From 2004 to 2012, the pace slowed considerably. Between August this year and July 2013, the area deforested increased again and recorded an increase of 92%. In 2019, deforestation in Brazil increased again.

[11] According to the Socio-Environmental Institute (Isa), the destruction of native vegetation in the Xingu River basin reached 8,500 hectares of forest in the first two months of 2019, the equivalent of 10 million trees, exceeding deforestation by 54% during the same period of 2018. The data was obtained via Sirad X, the xingu+ deforestation monitoring system. [12] On August 21, 2019, the National Institute for Space Research (INPE) detected more than 74,000 forest fire outbreaks in the Amazon. [13] Another essential role of forests is to act as carbon sinks and prevent them from entering the atmosphere. With a carbon supply of 50.8 to 57.5 billion tons, nearly 7 times more than annual global carbon emissions, the Amazon plays a leading role in stabilizing the planet`s climate. [17] Recent studies show that unsustainable deforestation could lead to lower rainfall and higher temperatures. [18] [19] The rate of deforestation in the legal Amazon is still high. According to the National Institute for Space Research – INPE (2018), the consolidated deforestation area for the period from August 2016 to July 2017 was 6,947 km². This figure is about 5% higher than the figure of 6,624 km² estimated by INPE in October 2017.

The consequences are negative for the forest, the climate and the population. Losses include the reduction of environmental services – such as biodiversity conservation, the water cycle, carbon stocks that prevent the deterioration of the greenhouse effect – and the reduction of territory for the social reproduction of traditional populations. Outside Brazil, the country`s partners can block the export of food products to deforested areas, such as meat and soybeans. In September, the European Parliament passed a law to combat deforestation, which could affect more than 80% of Brazilian agricultural products exported to the European Union. There is also a risk that foreign investment in Brazil will decline as deforestation increases in the Amazon. The Amazon Fund was established in 2008 with Decree No. 6,527. [34] The objective of the fund is to raise funds for investments in measures to prevent, monitor and combat deforestation and to promote the conservation and sustainable use of the legal Amazon. [35] The Fund is responsible for the management of the Fund by the National Bank for Economic and Social Development (BNDES), which is also responsible for fundraising, recruitment, and monitoring of funded projects.

The end of deforestation in the Amazon essentially depends on four lines of action, namely: The rate of destruction of the Amazon rainforest between 2008 and 2018 was 170 times faster than that of the Atlantic Forest during Brazil-Cologne. A 2021 report by The Reporter Brasil showed that illegal mining, another activity with a negative impact on the environment and health in the Amazon, has brought significant profits to people who once lived in poverty and now work in this chain. However, most of the ship`s employees work in precarious and risky conditions due to the illegality of the activity. The rate of deforestation could return to the high levels of 2003 if soybeans and other agricultural products recover in value on the international market. Brazil is a world leader in cereal production, including soybeans, which account for more than a third of Brazil`s GDP.